Perennials To Grow
Almost every flower garden relies on perennials. Herbaceous perennials, unlike annual plants, die to the ground at the end of the season and sprout the following year from the same roots. Perennial flowers are popular because they are low-maintenance and provide a wide range of color, texture, and form. The fundamentals of garden design, plant selection, and maintenance are outlined here.
Perennial plants vary widely in their longevity, bloom duration, culture, and shape. Some perennials, such as lupines and delphinium, are referred to as "short-lived," as they only last three or four years. Others, such as peonies, can survive up to fifteen years or even a lifetime. Each year's bloom period might be as short as two weeks or as long as two or three months.
Some perennials, such as primroses, demand a rich, humusy soil and lots of shade, whilst others, such as threadleaf coreopsis and cushion spurge, may wither if not grown in full sun and well-drained soil. Some perennials, like gooseneck loosestrife, keep themselves contained in a tidy mound, while others, like gooseneck loosestrife, take over your entire garden. Some species, such as hybrid lilies, should be trimmed back in the middle of the summer, while others, such as azaleas, may perish if the leaves is removed.
Few individuals ever get totally familiar with all of the numerous kinds and cultivars of perennial flowers available. Books are a priceless resource for the perennial grower. They include identifying photos (as well as inspiration! ), cultural information, a description of growing habits, bloom period, color, and specific cultivar traits. Invest in an excellent how-to book with cultural knowledge as well as a color encyclopedia to aid with plant identification and selection planning.
Perennials can also be learned from your other gardeners. They can tell you about bloom time, height, hardiness, and cultural needs firsthand, and you can see for yourself what the plants look like up close if you visit their gardens. There's nothing like viewing a plant in its natural habitat, where you can witness how it's used. You might even be able to take some plants home with you to use in your own garden.
There's no way to tell how well a plant will work for you unless you try it. You can always relocate it and try something else if it turns out to be too tall, the color isn't right, or the plant doesn't survive.
Planting Methods for Perennials
Herbaceous perennials make up a small percentage of "perennial gardens," if they exist at all. Woody plants, such as shrubs, roses, and trees, are frequently utilized as a backdrop for perennials or to fill in and provide bulk to a bed or border. Many gardeners use annuals or biennials in their perennial gardens to add a burst of color that lasts all season. Early spring color is provided by bulbs, while late-season beauty is provided by ornamental grasses.
Perennial gardens have traditionally been designed in one of two ways: as a border or as an island bed. A border is a two- to four-foot-deep, long, rectangular flowerbed. The typical English perpetual border in the early part of the twentieth century might be up to eight feet deep and 200 feet long. However, for the majority of home gardeners, a size of three feet deep and 12 to 15 feet long is preferable.
Borders are often only visible from one side and are placed in front of a backdrop. Shrubs, a hedge, a fence, or a stone wall can be used to make this backdrop. It's crucial to have a clear front edge. You may make a single border or a pair of coordinating borders. Keep in mind that while choosing plants, a recurrent theme of plants and colors looks best.
A garden that floats on a sea of grass is known as an island bed. The form is a little off-kilter, with smooth curves and no harsh edges. The tallest plants are normally placed along the center line of the bed, while the smallest plants are placed along the perimeter. When it comes to island beds, the bigger the better. An island bed should be 8 by 15 feet in size, with the tallest plants reaching around five feet in height.
Perennial flower gardens, on the other hand, don't always resemble a classic border or island bed. The goal of rock gardens is to produce an uneven, natural-looking rock protrusion where small alpine plants may be displayed, which means they defy all the laws.
Because of the natural shadow patterns of the trees above, shade gardens are sometimes unevenly shaped. Large, free-form gardens are another popular perennial garden type. A number of meandering walkways define the garden in this example, leading the visitor directly into and then through the plantings. Plant perennial flowers amid shrubs, around your mailbox, in forest or streamside plantings, or even in containers.